Kidney stones can cause tremendous pain when they’re passed, and if they get lodged or cause infection, you may need surgery. If you suspect problems with kidney stones, trust urologist Dr. Erin McCormick and her expert team at McCormick | Finger Urology in Harlingen, Texas, serving men and women from all around the Rio Grande Valley. Call the office or book an appointment online to find out more about whether you’re at risk of developing kidney stones and how to treat them.
When the salt and minerals inside your kidneys come together, they form hard deposits (kidney stones). Stones can vary in size and can be extremely painful as they exit the kidney, go through the ureter and into your bladder, but they cause no permanent damage.
If a kidney stone gets stuck or is associated with a urinary infection, it may need medical intervention beyond pain medications.
A kidney stone doesn’t usually cause symptoms until it starts to pass. At this point, you might experience:
If you have pain with fever and chills or pain that’s so severe that you can’t get comfortable, seek medical treatment immediately.
Many factors increase your risk of developing kidney stones. When your urine contains crystal-forming substances, including calcium and uric acid, it can cause your urine to become more diluted and the stones to form. If you're missing certain substances that prevent the crystals from sticking together, it creates the conditions that encourage stones to form.
Other risk factors include:
Certain medical conditions, including renal tubular acidosis and hyperparathyroidism as well as chronic urinary tract infections (UTIs) can also increase your risk of developing kidney stones.
Small kidney stones usually pass with some discomfort, but no complication. Drink lots of water; as much as 2-3 quarts can help flush the stone easily. Dr. McCormick might also prescribe pain relievers and medication to help pass the stone more easily.
If you have larger stones or those that are causing complications such as ongoing UTIs or bleeding, Dr. McCormick may recommend using sound waves to break up the stones with a procedure known as extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy.
You may also consider surgery to remove huge stones in the kidney or receive parathyroid gland surgery if it’s determined that an overactive parathyroid gland is causing your stones.
To learn more about your risk and management of kidney stones, call the office of McCormick | Finger Urology or book an appointment online.