Prostate cancer is the second-most common cancer in men, right behind skin cancer. For diagnosis and treatment, trust board-certified urologist, Dr. Erin McCormick of McCormick | Finger Urology in Harlingen, Texas, serving the entire Rio Grande Valley. Call the office or book a consultation online to learn more about prostate cancer and its implications long-term.
The prostate is a walnut-sized organ that sits below the bladder and in front of the rectum in men. It’s responsible for making some of the fluid that’s in semen.
When cancer cells in your prostate grow out of control and spread to other areas of your body, it can be fatal. While the exact cause of prostate cancer is unknown, it does have a strong genetic link and most often occurs in men older than 50. Men of any age can get prostate cancer, however.
Cancers of the prostate are typically adenocarcinomas, meaning they develop from the gland cells that make the prostate fluid.
In rare cases, prostate cancer cases may also be classified as sarcomas, neuroendocrine tumors, and transitional cell carcinomas.
Prostate cancer usually grows slowly, but some types do grow and spread quickly, so it’s essential to get early treatment.
Prostate cancer usually has no symptoms in its early stages. Sometimes, though, you might experience:
When a routine blood test, called a PSA test, reveals abnormally high levels of prostate-specific antigen, Dr. McCormick may recommend more tests to check the state of your prostate. These tests may include:
If these tests come back positive, Dr. McCormick may perform a biopsy of the prostate to check for cancer cells.
If you’re diagnosed before the cancer has spread to other organs, you have a 99% chance of surviving at least five years and a 96% chance of surviving 15 years. If the cancer has spread, your five-year survival rate drops to 29%.
For more information about screenings for prostate cancer and treatment, contact McCormick | Finger Urology by phone or book an appointment online.